|Archives of Ukraine|
Address: 24, Solomianska st., Kyiv 03110
Tel./fax: (044) 275-37-77
Director - Nina Topishko
62352 collection items of film documents, 1896-1999
379477 collection items of photo documents, 1853-2004
21863 collection items of phono documents, 1900-2004
14 collection items of video documents, 1994-2004
The earliest photo documents kept in the archives are represented by the reproductions of T. Shevchenko's photoportraits (the 1850s), certain events of Sebastopol defense during the Crimean War in 1853-1856, the photoalbum of views of Kyiv of the second half of XIX century, the original negative on glass of 1896 with the image of construction of a blast furnace at the "Union" metallurgical plant in Makyiivka.
Of special interest are the albums received from the Prague Ukrainian Archives after World War II displaying the construction of Ukrainian state (1917-1920) and Ukrainian emigration activities abroad.
The earliest archival cinedocuments are as follows: a fragmentary episode of Nicolas the Second's coronation (1896), the film "The 200th Anniversary of Poltava Battle" (1900), "Aviator Utochkin's Flights in Kishinev" (1911), "The Funeral of A. Tereshchenko" (1912).
Ukrainian prewar history is reflected by the following cinedocuments: "The Documents of the Epoch" (cut in 1928-1929 at VUFKU), "Ukrainian Movement" (1917), "The White Guard Chronicles" (1917), "The Germans in Kyiv" (1918), "Famine in Ukraine" (1921-1922), the first sound film of Dzyga Vertov "The Symphony of Donbas" (1930), the newsreels "VUFKU Chronicle" (1923), "Makhovyk Cineweek" (1925), "VUFKU Cineweek" (1927-1929), "Newsreel" (1929-1931), "The Soviet Ukraine" (1938-1941).
The first sound art works recordings on audio disks produced by the firms "Polidor" (Germany) and "Columbia Gramophone Co." (Great Britain) are dated by 1927-1928; the sound documentary recordings on magnetic film appeared in 1941-1945.
Numerous documentary phonodocuments (on sound records, in particular) represent political activists, outstanding persons of culture and arts. Of special value are recordings of art works, performed by Ukrainian art coryphees P. Bilynnyk, B. Hmyria, M. Hryshko, M. Lytvynenko-Volhemut, I. Patorzhynsky, O. Petrunenko, G. Yura and others.
World War II is widely represented by a significant collection of cine-photo-phono documents. More than 6 thousand photo documents, about 60 phono documents (governmental notices, decrees of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief, news of the Soviet Informbureau concerning the situation at battlefronts, Act on Capitulation of German Military Forces of May 08, 1945 are the evidence of those times.
The cinedocuments shot within German-Soviet war of 1941-1945 are of special importance. Namely, these are 80 issues of "The Soviet Ukraine" newsreel, numerous film subjects, about 30 films, such as: Dovzhenko's films "Fighting for Our Soviet Ukraine" (1943) and "Victory at the Right-bank Ukraine and Proscription of German Invaders out of the Ukrainian Soviet Territories" (1945). Besides, the archival fonds contain about 40 captured German newsreels and films on military operations at the battlefront, occupation regime on Ukrainian territories, work conditions of Ukrainian citizens brought to Germany for forced labour etc.
Absolute majority of cine- and photo documents (about 70%) reflect Ukrainian history since after-war times up to now.
In terms of the latest documents it is worth to note photo collections of well-known Ukrainian photographers Ya. Davidzon, M. Melnyk, B. Gradov, Yu. Mosenzhnyk.
Transfer of the positive copies (made of negatives on glass removed from Ukraine within World War II) by the German Federal Archives was a memorable event for Ukrainian archivists. More than three thousand photo documents display economic and cultural life in Ukraine in 1920s-1930s.
Berlin Cine Archives returned about 30 documentary films shot by Ukrainian studios within 1927-1940.
The main sources of the archives completion are: Ukrainian Newsreels and Documentary Studio, National Cinematography Union of Ukraine, Ukrainian Television Films Studio, National Broadcast Company of Ukraine, mass media.
Since 1998 the archives have been receiving video phonograms which sufficiently expand archival documentary database pertaining to present-day life in independent Ukraine.
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