Address: 24 Solomianska Str. 03110, Kyiv
Director: Kisil' Ivan
Deputy Director: Demchenko Liudmyla
Deputy Director: Kugai Olha
TsDIAK is the one of the oldest archival depositories of Ukraine. The history of TsDIAK dates back to 1852, the year when the Central Archives of Ancient Acts was founded. The archives' funds also included a part of collection Central Archives of October revolution (founded as Slobozhanskyi Archives of Revolution) and Kyiv Regional Historical Archives (founded in 1922 as Central Historical Archives in the city of Kyiv, renamed in 1932). TsDIAK was founded and registered in marked consistence by the order of NKVD of the USSR on July 24, 1941.
In 1941 process of reorganization of TsDIAK has been finished. In 1971 it was supplemented with the records by Kharkiv branch the of TsDIAK (founded in 1880 as Historical Archives of Kharkiv University, 1920 reorganized to Central Historical Archives; in 1932 transformed to the All Ukrainian Central Archives of Ancient Acts, 1943 renamed as branch of TsDIAK in Kharkiv).
In July, 1992, the name of the archives was changed into to the Central State Historical Archives of Ukraine in Kyiv (TsDIAK of Ukraine).
The funds of the Central State Historical Archives of Ukraine in Kyiv contain documents of different periode of Ukrainian history: when Ukraine was a part of Lithuania and Poland (from the 13th until 18th cent.), a part of the Russian Empire (from the beginning of 17th cent. until 1917). A most important part of collection belongs to Getman period (from the second half of 17th until 18th cent.).
The oldest documental materials in the archives are the manuscript of Gospel in Greece dated back to the thirteenth century, and a parchment charter dates back to 1369 written by Russian warden Ottofrom Pilche.
The earliest documents are those gathered in the Collection of Kyiv Archeographical Commission. They comprise miscellaneous charters dated back to the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. There are the privileges of Lithuanian princes and Polish kings; the universal decrees of Ukrainian hetmans; Russian tsar’s deeds etc, written in 17 languages. The Collection also keeps 765 original seals (having different degree of retention), and more then 30 crests.
Archival collections of old-printings and manuscripts contain unique European and native editions. Among them there are Lionskaya Inkanabula (1454); Basel’s, Leipzig’s, Stuttgart’s Paleotypes (beg. 14 cent.); Ostrozhskaya Bible (Ivan Fedorov’s First publishing house (1581)); Lithuanian Regulation Statut‘s first edition (1588); "Grammar" by Meletyi Smotryckyj (1648); "Kyiv–Pecherskyi Pateryk" (16 cent); "Pawma Berinda’s dictionary" (beg. 17 cent.); "Hryhorij Grabyanka’s Chronicle" (list from 1773); "Serpent Israel’s" (by Hryhorij Skovoroda).
Archival funds consist of valuable cartographical and land-surveying (geodesic) documents from the 17th till the 20th century. One can also pinpoint the most ancient commemoration of Ukrainian cartography –Borispil Volost’s border map (30-ties of the 17th century); Kyiv map (1695) composed by M.Ushakov; documents of Kyiv engineering crew etc.
Among the unique archival sources the archives preserves Naprestolnoe Gospel, Lvov’s edition (1636); Magdeburg privileges of Kyiv (copies of 1544-1659); Geographical and topographical describing of Kyiv namisnytsvo (1781; 1785; 1787); colored crests portrayal of Kyiv, Chernigiv and Novgorod-Siversk namisnystvo.
The most valuable in the TsDIAK documentary collection are the early court records from 16-18th centuries of the courts and estate institutions of the right-bank Ukraine-city, district and confederate courts; magistrates and city governments. These files are diverse in content and counting about 1 million documents from the beginning of XVI century till 60-s of XVIII century. The acts were written in old-Ukrainian, Polish and Latin. They concern sales, leases, tenancy, transfer or division of property, contracts about mortgage and family, the life of citizens, notes on the laws of Kiev and Volyn regions, information on taxes paid and lists of the people and their duties in the specific region, description of castles, towns and fortifying. This collection is a priceless resource for studying the history of Ukraine, also because of information about Bogdan Khmelnitskyi Liberation war, Haidamacks tendencies, Cossacks' and rural up-raisings.
The unique source for Ukrainian history study is the fund of the Kosh of New Zaporizhska Sich the documents of which highlight the last period of Cossacks existence.
Information of managerial-territorial system and economical development of Left-bank and Slobidska Ukraine from the 17-18th centuries could be find in the documents of General-military office, Malorosiyskyi First and Second Boards, General Description of Left-bank Ukraine, Military Treasure’s office, General Military Court, regiment courts and offices.
Military history of Ukraine is represented by the documents of General Military Artillery’s Chancellery; Regiment and Gubernskyi Chancelleries. Information about military state, guarding of board, construction of protective erections in Ukraine for the period of time from the 17th till 18th century is preserved there.
Records of Namicnyctvo’s directions of Braclav, Voznesensk, Kyiv, Katerinoslav, Novgorod-Siversk, Podil, Kharkiv, Chernigiv region highlight the history of Ukraine in the second half of the 18th century.
Information about church-cloistral landownership, spiritual education, land disputes, church and cloisters construction, monastic and church property descriptions are kept in the funds of Kyiv and Pereyaslav-Borispil consistories, Kyivo-Pecherska Lavra, Kyiv St. Sophia Cathedral and many others monasteries and cloisters.
These funds contain documents which are of enormous interest for genealogical researches: metrical books of various confessions and churches registers for towns and villages of Kyiv guberniya.
Unique amount for study of economical, political, sociable, educational, cultural and religious relationships of Ukraine and neighboring countries of the 14th to the 20th centuries are the personal and family funds of magnates and nobilitiy from the Right-bank Ukraine, such as: Branickyis, Ganskyis, Zamoiskyis, Kortnyaks, Lyubomirskyis, Potockyis, Radzyvilles, Sapegys, Tarnavskyis, and great Ukrainian landowners of Galaganys, Skaropadskyis, Sulymas, Tereschenkos, Khanenkos etc.
A main informative resource of TsDIAK has been formed by the documents of the Russian Empire local organizations and institutions from the 19th – till the beginning of the 20th century. Records of Kyiv, Podil, Volyn governor-general office, state ownership chambers, lustration commissions contain documents about trade and industry development, public-social tendency, preparation and adoption of the Reform of 1861 in Ukraine, neutralization of Polish up-raisingin 1830-1831 and 1863-1864, and others.
Records of Police and Gendarmerie institutions, Security boards, and court and prosecutor section highlight the history of political parties and organizations, revolutionary up-raisings.
Kyiv Censor committee, Kyiv detached censorship office, Kyiv provisional committee in print affairs are indicating ban in usage and dissemination of Ukrainian language in published works of Taras Schevchenko, Lesya Ukrainka, Ivan Franko, Mykola Gogol etc.
The records of Kyiv and Kharkiv educational regional administrations, Kyiv theological seminary, Kyiv Lyceum, Kremenetsk Lyceum describe the educational and cultural development problems.
The funds of scientific, cultural-educational societies and organizations contain valuable information for studying history of science and culture in Ukraine.
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