Galicia and Bukovina

D. VIENNA: AUSTRIAN STATE ARCHIVES

The various branches of the Austrian State Archives described below are extremely valuable repositories of unpublished source material on Galicia and Bukovina. In spite of the wealth of their holdings, these archives have been little explored by investigators of Western Ukraine. There is not a single guide to or survey of their holdings on Ukrainian Galicia and Bukovina. The sketches that follow, therefore, can only indicate in a fragmentary and superficial way the relevant archival sources to be found in Vienna.

1. Allgemeines Verwaltungsarchiv

Address: Wallnerstrasse 6a, 1010 Vienna.

The nucleus of the Allgemeines Verwaltungsarchiv is formed from the records of the ministry of the interior (G Ministerium des Innem), 1848-1918, and its predecessor the court chancery (G Hofkanzlei), to 1848. Many of the archives' holdings were destroyed in a fire in 1927.

Owing to the detailed description provided by Jozef Chlebowczyk (B 315), it is possible to provide a carton-by-carton (G Kartori) inventory of the holdings of the Hofkanzlei relating to Galicia. Unfortunately, however, all these materials are currently in restoration and therefore inaccessible.

 

Karton

Description of materials

229-40 Reorganization of the newly acquired crownland; journeys undertaken to inspect and improve administration; arranged chronologically.
309a-b Acts of the Court Galician Commission (P Galicyjska komisja dworska). 321-42 The gubernial authorities, their instructions, competence, personnel.
401-4 Districts (P powiaty)
534-42 Privileges and exemptions of various types granted to individual professions, localities and persons; arranged alphabetically.
626 Industry and artisans; licenses to open various enterprises in Galicia and awards of mastery.
683 Agriculture, including technical progress and augmentation of arable land by draining marshes and transforming communal pastures.
702(part) - 3 Agricultural tithes; 702 - through 1807, 703 -1808 and after. 712Animal husbandry.
716-17 Agriculture: fodder for horses (a military concern);
716 through 1799, 717 - 1800 and after.
730-3 Forestry; 730 - through 1789; 731 -1790-1834; 732 -1835-43; 733 -1844-8.
760 Natural catastrophes and aid to victims.
941-64 Urban affairs, especially socio-economic; 941-5 - in chronological order, 946-64 - in alphabetical order.
1132-48 Peasant grievances (P skargf), disputes between serfs and lords; in alphabetical order by place.
1210-12 Legal aspects of regulating disputes between serfs and lords; in chronological order.
1228-31 Feudal obligations to the manor in labour, money and kind; in chronological order.
1255-6 Peasant landholding.
1339-40 Conspiracies; 1339-through 1817,1340-1818 and after.
1493 Property relations, including entailments, fiduciaries.
1520-22, Jewish affairs.
1529-31, Jewish affairs.
1540-2, Jewish affairs.
1548, Jewish affairs.
1554-5, Jewish affairs.
1561-7, Jewish affairs.
1568-73 Jewish affairs.
1624-32 Tax policy, regulation and collection; arranged in chronological order.
1710-13 House-tax (P podatek domowo-klasowy), indebtedness.
1744 Earnings tax (P podatek zambkowy).
1753-4 Drink tax (P podatek od twnkdw).
1772 Inheritance tax (P podatek spadkowy).
1795 Tobacco monopoly.
1798 State demesnes.
1893-7 Organization of the courts.
1919-20 Matters related to land-register books.
1966-9 Statistics collected for military purposes.
2087-92 Displacement and quartering of military units.

The records of the Ministry of the Interior are also rich in Galiciana, but it is not possible to present even a superficial overview of their scope. Much of what had been listed in the 1909 published inventory (B 321) was destroyed in the 1927 fire. The surviving "general" (G Allgemeine) records should contain materials concerning commerce and industry in Galicia, 1870-82 (Karton 506) and 1882-99 (Karton 507), and regulations on land, forests, water and industry in GaUcia, 1872-80 (Karton 932), 1887 (Karton 933) and 1888 (Karton 1888). There are also documents concerning the Halytsko-ruska matytsa in 1853-4 (Ministerium des Innern, Allgemeine, V.G.2., Fasz. 234).

The Allgemeines Verwaltungsarchiv also contains the records of the ministry of agriculture, 1868-1918, and the ministry of religious affairs and education (G Ministerium fur Kultus and Untemcht), 1772-1918. The records of both ministries remain intact. The papers of the religious and educational ministry include documentation on diocesan reorganization in the late eighteenth century (fascicles 133-4), monasteries and religious orders (fascicle 646; in alphabetical order A-F), the Basilian order 1772-1800 (fascicle 649), the landholding of the Greek Catholic metropolitanate in Lviv (no. 36/A.33) and parishes, listed alphabetically, in Galicia (nos. 182-256/47) and Bukovina (257-66/47).

For a brief description of the archives' holdings,see В 319.

2. Finanz-und Hofkammerarchiv

Address: Himmelpfortgasse 4, 1010 Vienna (Finanzarchiv), and Johannesgasse 6, 1010 Vienna (Hofkammerarchiv).

Both of these archives contain material on Galician industry and commerce. The numbering of the archival units is being changed; the new numbering system uses "red numbers" (G rote Nummerm or Karton rot).

Among the records of the Finanzarchiv's Central Office is a collection entitled "cadastres" (G Kataster), 1810-74.

The Hofkammerarchiv preserves the archives of the court of audit (G Archiv des Rechnungshofes), which includes the records of the court audit office (G Hofrechenkammer), 1762-92, the central state bookkeeping office (G Staatshauptbuchhaltung), 1792-4, and the supreme state control (G Obserste Staatskontrolle), 1794-1801, each having a separate Galician subdivision. Among the state demesnal records (G Domanenakten) are records referring to Galicia (G Galizischen Domanen), 1772-1800, with documentation on the administration of state property and German colonization in Galicia (G Ansiedlungsakteri), as well as the records of the court commission for Galicia (G Galizischen Hofkommissionsakten), 1792-4, mainly papers on exchanges of property with the Dominican order and various nobles. The collection entitled "commerce" (G Kommerz) contains a series for the crownlands, 1749-1813, including Galicia. The minting and mining records (G Mtinz- und Bergweseri), 1745-1848, include material on Galicia; the documents are arranged by crownland from 1765 to 1804 and thereafter chronologically. The Austrian fiscal affairs collection (G Osterreichische Kamerale) documents the administrative actions of the court treasury (G Hofkammer) in the Austrian lands, 1762-1848; these records cover a wide range of topics (see В 334, p. 131). For inventories of the archives' holdings, see В 322 (Finanzarchiv) and 324 (Hofkammerarchiv).

3. Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv

Address: Minoritenplatz 1,1010 Vienna. Telephone: 63-56-1,63-56-91.

The Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv contains, as its German name indicates, dynastic, court and government records. Its holdings are multifarious. There is a detailed inventory of the archives' collections (B 314), a brief description in English (B 335) and an article on its holdings relating to Polish history (B 343). The following survey will describe documentation relevant to Galicia and Bukovina in individual collections of the archives, in alphabetical order by the German name of the collection. The old numbering system was based on the fascicle (G Faszikel), the new system on the carton (G Kartori).

a) Grosse Korrespondenz

This collection of miscellaneous correspondence includes the Kauntiz-Pergen correspondence of 1772-4.

b) Das habsburg-lothringische Familienarchive

(1) Hofreisen

Fascicles 1-13 are reports from Emperor Joseph n's journeys, 1766-88, including journeys to Galicia.

(2) Sammelbande

The personal correspondence of the imperial family, some of it unpublished, is kept here. Particularly the correspondence of Joseph II would refer to Galicia.

c) Die Hofarchive, Das Hofzeremonielldepartement

Includes one volume of acts (Sonderreihe 28) on an imperial journey to Lviv in 1817.

d) Informationsburo

The Informationsburo was the Austrian central intelligence bureau. It kept records on political and social unrest throughout Austria, including the crownlands of Galicia and Bukovina. The Informationsburo as an institution was founded in 1877, but the archival collection of the Informationsbhro contains detailed records from 1868-76 as well as scattered records from 1838-48. The Informationsburo was dissolved in 1908 as a result of administrative reorganization. Records of a similar profile were kept thereafter in section 40 of the Politisches Archiv.

The records of the Informationsburo are in disorder. Among them are supposed to be the minutes of the Lviv information committee ( G die Protokolle des Lemberger Informationskommittees), 1838-45, and the Galician information minutes (G das galizische Informationsprotokoll), 1845-8. (It is possible that these materials are kept in the Kabinettsarchiv.) An attempt to order these minutes in 1982 proved fruitless. Finding aids for the later documents, 1868-1908, are complicated and unreliable. First one must order an Index (two years in each bound folio volume) which contains name, subject and geographical entries. The Index provides reference to specific document numbers. These document numbers must then be searched in the Elenche to determine the fascicle number. The fascicle number can then be searched in archival aid VI/2/4 "Informationsbiiroakten 1868-1908" to determine the Karton number. The Karton can then be ordered. Unfortunately, for all the elaborateness of this ritual, it is not very effective; many times the Karton no longer contains the document being searched.

Materials on the Ukrainian question (G Ruthenenfrage) c. 1890 are supposed to be kept in Annex n. 27 of the Informationsbhro. The following brief inventory, however, is certain:

 

Year Fascicle Karton Description of Materials
1884 73   Russophilism in Galicia; M. Drahomanov and the newspaper Volnoe slovo.
1855 46   Russophilism in Galicia.
1886 67   Peasant unrest in Western Galicia; surveillance of Russophile Ivan Naumovych and other matters relating to Russophilism in Galicia.
1887 62 237 Russophilism in Galicia; naive tsarism and peasant unrest in Galicia.
1888 81 252 Russophilism in Galicia.

e) Kabinettsarchiv (1) Fassbenderakten

These are the papers of Johann Matthias von Fassbender (1764-1809), a high military official and civil servant. Fascicles 9-12 refer to state, religious and foundation estates in Galicia and Bukovina, 1801-4. Fascicle 17 concerns the administration of Galicia, the unification of both Eastern and Western Galicia under a single gubernium and the reorganization of its circles, 1802-4.

(2) Geheimakten

Among these "secret acts" is correspondence with the governor of Galicia, Agnor Gohichowski, in 1851 (a small part of fascicle 1).

(3) Kaiser Franz-Akten

The papers of Emperor Franz (1792-1835) are very rich in West Ukrainian documentation. Part of fascicle 7 contains petitions from the Galician estates, 1791. Fascicle 11 deals with Galician affairs, 1792. Fascicle 50 concerns Galicia, 1806-10. Part of fascicle 78a contains some papers of Josef von Cavallar, a high military official (G General- Feldwachmeister) in Bukovina. Part of fascicle 78a concerns Galicia. Fascicle 86 contains various reports from Galician governors on Galician and Bukovinian affairs, c. 1793-1825. Fascicle 133 concerns estates business in Galicia, 1791. Fascicle 200 contains a survey of conscription in Galicia, 1808. There are also papers in this collection concerning the Orthodox church, 1815-16 and 1825-7.

(4) Nachlass Baldacci

Among the papers of court councillor Anton von Baldacci (1762-1841) is a manuscript on the topography and statistics of Galicia, 1804 (fascicles 2-5).

(5) Nachlass Brigido

These are the papers of Joseph Brigido (d. 1817), governor of Galicia from 1780 to 1794.

(6) Nachlass Pergen

Anton Johann Pergen (1725-1884) was Galicia's first governor (1772-4). Originally, Gruppe "G" contained acts concerning Galicia, but it is not clear how much of these have survived.

(7) Nachlass Pfleger

Anton Pfleger (1748-1820) was a prominent jurist in late eighteenth century Galicia. Fascicle 1 of his collected papers contains material on Galicia.

(8) Nachlass Zinzendorf

Ludwig von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf (1721-80) was appointed president of the court audit office in 1762. Fascicle 8 of his acts concerns Poland and Galicia.

(9) Patente und Zirkularien des Staatrates

Fascicles 230-3 contain state council patents and circulars for Eastern Galicia.

(10) Varia der Kabinettskanzlei

Fascicle 22c contains the draft of a postal patent for Galicia from the reign of Maria Theresia. Fascicle 42 contains petitions submitted to Emperor Franz Joseph during his trip to Galicia in 1852; these should include communal and individual peasant petitions concerning local grievances, especially relating to the issue of servitudes. Fascicle 51 contains other material on Franz Joseph's journeys. Fascicles 65-78 contain material related to imperial audiences, 1900-12,1916-18.

f) Osterreichische Akten, Osterreichischer Reichstag

These are the records of the Austrian parliament of 1848-9, including rich materials on Galicia and Bukovina. Roman Rosdolsky used this collection for his important study of the Austrian peasant deputies (B 501). Bund 55-76 contain electoral records (G Wahlakteri) from Galicia and Bukovina. Bund 115 contains interpellations concerning Galicia. Bund 116 contains a petition concerning colonization in Bukovina. Bund 172 is an index; Bund 173 is an index to the electoral records.

g) Staatenabteilung (Vereinigte diplomatische Akten)

The diplomatic correspondence contains material on Galicia in the subdivisions Poland (G Poleri) and Russia (G Russland) and on Bukovina in the subdivision Turkey (G Тїїгігеі); the documents relate primarily to the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. For each country the documentation is divided into three parts: instructions to the ambassador (G Weisungeri), reports from the ambassador (G Berichi) and miscellaneous (L Varia).

h) Staatskanzlei (Ministerium des Aussern)

(1) Notenwechsel

This collection includes correspondence between the foreign ministry and other ministries and departments of the central government. It contains correspondence relating to Galicia, 1774-1802.

(2) Politisches Archiv

Among the papers dealing with the Italian states (G Itelienische Staateri) (section 11) is material on the Greek Catholic provincial synods in Galicia, 1885-96 (n. 293). In the internal affairs collection (L Intema) (section 40) are materials relating to Ukrainians in the empire, including documentation on the trial of Galician Russophiles in 1882 (n. 212).

(3) Provinzen

Section 2 concerns Bukovina, 1791-1860, with one fascicle; section 4 Galicia, 1754-1860, with seven fascicles.

(4) Staatsratprotokolle

The collection includes bound volumes with summaries of debates in the state council (G Staatsrat) and the imperial resolution; topics debated included the peasantry in Galicia and the status of Galicia during the second and third partitions of Poland.

(5) Varia der Staatskanzlei

This section probably contains materials on the status and administration of Galicia.

(6) Vortrage an den Kaiser

This collection contains material on the debate over the status of Galicia in the first years of Austrian rule.

(7) Voten des Fursten Kaunitz zu Staatsratakten

Here are preserved duplicate copies of Kaunitz's opinions in the state council debates, coded by number with the Staatsratprotokolle (see above [4]).

4. Kriegsarchiv Address: Stiftgasse 2,1070 Vienna.

These archives contain the records of the imperial army and Austrian militia (G K.u.k. Heer und k.k. Landwehr). The papers of the supreme command (G Allerhochster Oberbefehl) and staff of the commander- in-chief of the army (G Armeeoberkommando) contain much material on the First World War, including material on nationality policy during the war; there is a special section on the Ukrainian question (G Ukraineabteilung). The archives of the palace guards (G die Archive der Leibgarderi) contains four volumes of records from 1781 to 1817 referring to the Galician guard (G die kgl. galizische adelige Leibgarderi) established by Joseph II in 1782 and abolished in 1790. Among the "field acts" (G Feldakteri) is a fascicle on the occupation of Galicia in 1772 and Joseph H's journeys there in 1772-5 (die alien Feldakten, Epoche 1740-1815, Fasc. 260) as well as several fascicles on the events associated with the abortive Polish insurrection in 1846 (die alten Feldakten, Epoche 1816-1913, Fasz. 58-62a). The archives also have a massive collection of personnel records (G Personalakten) for the whole period 1772-1918, with 40,000 fascicles and 5,500 volumes. For the years before 1869 the material is arranged according to troops and institutions, afterwards according to proper names of the individuals concerned. Among records of the military's central offices (G Zentralstelleri) are those of the Viennese court war council (G Wiener Hofkiegsrat), which had a strong influence on the establishment of the imperial administration in Galicia and Bukovina. The map collection has already been mentioned above (I.L.2). There is a brief description of the archives in English (B 316), a guide to documentation relating to Romanian history (B 334M) as well as an inventory that is reportedly incomplete and unreliable (B 323).

5. Verkehrsarchiv

Address: Aspangstrasse 33,1030 Vienna.

The service tables and status books of nearly all railway administrative offices have been preserved here. Especially comprehensive are the records of the Northern Railway Company. The oldest documents in the collection concern a plan to build a railway from Vienna to Galicia, for which Baron Salomon Moritz von Rothschild received a license in 1836. For a description of the archives, see В 332.

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