Canadian Archival Holdings Pertaining to the History of Ukraine:
Arkhivni materialy z istorii Ukrainy v Kanadi:
The Ukrainian archival legacy has been grossly complicated by the fact that over the centuries Ukrainian lands have been subjected to a variety of political regimes, ruling from the most part from political centres outside Ukraine. Further complicating the archival legacy has been the existence of different - and usually rival - political regimes simultaneously holding or vying for power over traditional Ukrainian lands. These factors have resulted in a tremendous fragmentation of pertinent records and the fact that Ukrainian-pertinent records are invariably found outside the territory presently constituting Soviet Ukraine.
The underlying political shifts, turmoil, and oppression that have characterized Ukrainian history have produced an unusually large-scale emigration of ethnic Ukrainians, and others who have been active in its political and cultural life, from traditional Ukrainian lands. Many emigrants fled empty handed, but others carried with them, or arranged to have transferred, vast quantities of archival materials of origin in or immediately pertinent to the political, economic, scientific and cultural life of the nation they left behind.
Later generations who have become adapted and integrated into the life of their new home often failed to realize the potential historical and cultural value of the fragmentary institutional records, correspondence, and other family papers that found their way abroad. Relatively few groups of archival materials have found their way into public repositories. Undoubtedly many more remain stored in attics or musty cellars, and await discovery and appropriate evaluation and care.
The location, identification, description, and preservation of such materials is an important goal for the newly revived Archeographic Commission of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. A coordinated project to locate, appraise, and describe the widely dispered archival materials of provenance in and relating to Ukraine will not be easily completed. But with the interest and cooperation of individuals from different countries, a growing data base can be formed.
Canada ranks first among nations in terms of the number of Ukrainian settlers abroad. Hence, it is particularly appropriate that it is the first country to have completed a preliminary survey of Ukrainian archivalia in public repositories. The preliminary list presented here - organized Ly holding repository - is a modest initial step which may serve as an example and starting point for the projected worldwide survey.
The goal is to provide an identifying annotation with information about the creator of the records or personal papers - or collector in a few cases - so as to identify the type of materials likely to be found. More detailed finding aids - published, unpublished, or in preparation are indicated as appropriate.
In terms of holding repositories, only six institutions are covered, and these only in terms of specifically Ukrainian collections. The repositories are representative - two public archives, two universities, and two Ukrainian community organizations. It is to be hoped that the list will grow, and that the number of deposited collections will likewise increase.
Patricia Kennedy Grimsted (Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute)
Hennadi V. Boriak (Archeographic Commission of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences)
This preliminary check-list was prepared at the request of the Archeographic Commission of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Kiev. Its purpose is modest: to begin taking stock of archival holdings in Canada which contain materials relevant to the study of Ukraine's history. Archives dealing with the history of Ukrainians outside the territory of Ukraine are excluded. Special thanks go to the archivists and librarians who provided information. Those knowing of the existence of archives covering an aspect of Ukraine's history are urged to contact the compiler.
Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies
352 Athabasca Hall
University of Alberta
Canada T6G 2E8
* Batchinsky Collection (1885-1978)
Quantity: 115 metres
Ievhen Batchinsky (Bachynskyi) was born in Katerynoslav. He was imprisoned for revolutionary activities in St. Petersburg in 1908 and escaped to Western Europe. Active in the Paris Ukrainian Hromada from 1909-12, he moved to Geneva in 1914 and founded the Ukrainian Hromada there. In 1915-17 he was the representative of the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine and editor of its organ. In 1918 he was appointed consul of the Ukrainian People's Republic and from 1922 served as the official representative of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Church in Western Europe. His personal archive is a valuable source for the study of Ukrainian political history from the late 1890s.
Finding Aid: Being prepared.
* Antonovych Papers (1887-1975)
Quantity: 1.85 metres
Accession number: MG31 H50
Kateryna Serebriakova was born in Kharkiv in 1887, was educated in Kharkiv, St. Petersburg, and Kiev, and pursued her studies in art in foreign countries. She married Dr. Dmytro Antonovych, a specialist in the history of art. From an early age she was interested in politics and was a member of the Revolutionary Ukrainian Party. In 1924 she emigrated with her family to Prague where she took an active part in Ukrainian academic and community life. She also published Ukrainian children's literature and exhibited her works of art. Kateryna Antonovych immigrated to Canada in 1949 and continued her artistic, educational and cultural work in the Ukrainian community in. Winnipeg. Materials in the archives are from 1910 to 1975.
Finding Aid: Denis Sowiis and Myron Momryk, The Kateryna Antonovych Collection (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, Research Report no. 13, 1885), 28 pages.
* Avramenko Papers (1895-1981)
Quantity: 4.8 metres
Accession number: MQ31 D87
Vasile (VasyI) Avramenko began his career in 1920 as a choreographer and dance teacher in Ukraine. He immigrated to Canada in 1926 and began to teach Ukrainian dance in Canada and later in the United States. He also produced a number of Ukrainian films and toured in the United States, Argentina, Brazil and Australia. The collection holds materials from 1921 to 1975.
The collection is restricted.
Finding Aid: File list, 53 pages.
* Dontsov Papers (1883-1973)
Quantity: 4 metres
Accession number: MG31 D130
Dmytro Dontsov was born in 1883 in Melitopil, Ukraine, and studied at the universities of St. Petersburg and Lviv. He was active in Ukrainian political and revolutionary organizations promoting the cause of an autonomous and later independent Ukraine. He was a founding member of the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine in 1914 and later head of the official news agency of the Ukrainian Hetmanite Government. During the 1920s and 1930s he edited several Ukrainian journals in Lviv and wrote on political themes promoting Ukrainian nationalism. At the end of the Second World War he sought refuge in England and in 1948 immigrated to Canada, where he taught at the Universite de Montreal. He retired in 1953, but continued to write articles and books until his death in Montreal in 1973. The collection contains materials from 1900 to 1976.
The collection is restricted.
Finding Aid: File list, 29 pages.
*Klochko Papers (1902-1986)
Quantity: 3.8 metres
Accession number: MG31 J28
Mikhail Klochko was born in Ukraine and educated in Kiev, Leningrad and Moscow. An engineer, he published many articles and papers on scientific subjects and for his research received many awards, including the Stalin Prize in 1948. During a visit to Canada in 1961, he defected and later received Canadian citizenship. Based in Ottawa, he continued his scientific work and was a consultant for several years. The collection contains materials from 1961 to 1985. Finding Aid: Finding Aid no. 1785, 50 pages.
* Kysilewska Papers (1869-1956)
Quantity: 4.05 metres
Accession number: MQ31 H42
Olena Kysilewska (Kysilevska) was born in Galicia and was a community leader, editor, author, feminist and political figure. She was elected and served as a senator in the Polish Senate (1928-35). After the Second World War, she immigrated to Canada, and was the first head of the World Federation of Ukrainian Women's Organizations (SFUZHC). Materials in the collection cover the period from 1884 to 1956.
Finding Aid: Denis Sowtis and Myron Momryk, The Olena Kysilewska Collection (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, Research Report no. 12, 1985), 35 pages.
* Zhuk Papers (1880-1968)
Quantity: 35.2 metres
Accession number: MG30 C167
Andrij (Andrii) Zhuk was born in Vovchok, a village in the Poltava province, and became Involved in illegal Ukrainian political activities in 1899, when he worked in the District Zemstvo Office. He then worked in Poltava and was drafted into the Russian Army in 1901. He became a member of the Revolutionary Ukrainian Party (RUP), which later became the Ukrainian Social-Democratic Labour Party (USDLP). He was elected to the USDLP Central Committee and contributed to the party press. He was imprisoned in 1906 and the next year fled to Austria. In Galicia he continued his work in the USDLP. He was a founding member in 1912 of the Ukrainian Information Committee, which in 1914 was transformed into the Soiuz vyzvolennia Ukrainy (SVU) to work in partnership with the Central Powers in the war against the Russian Empire. Zhuk was active in the SVU in Vienna until 1918, when he became a member of the Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He then worked with the exile center of the Western Ukrainian People's Republic as editor and journalist. With the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939, and the arrival of the Soviet armed forces in Lviv, he fled with his family to Vienna, where he lived in retirement until his death in 1968. Materials in the collection cover the period from 1880 to 1968.
Only one file is restricted. Some restrictions on photocopying for conservation reasons.
Finding Aid: Finding Aid no. 1663, 241 pages.
* Chomiak Collection (1905-1984)
Quantity: 1.5 metres
Accession number: 85.191
Michael Chomiak (Mykhailo Khomiak) was born in Stroniatyn in Galicia, and graduated from Lviv University in 1931. in 1928-34 he served on the editorial staff of Dilo. During the Second World War under Nazi occupation he was editor of Krakivski visti. first published in Cracow (1940-4) and then in Vienna (1944-5). He emigrated to Canada in 1948. Of special interest to scholars of Ukrainian history are the materials dealing with the period of the Second World War.
Finding Aid: File list details 590 items.
Of great interest in the Centre's collection are the 546 film rolls, and 34 video cassettes which represent 204,566 feet of film/tape containing interviews with eye-witnesses of the 1932-3 famine in Ukraine. The collection also contains copies of British, Italian and American government reports pertaining to the famine.
Finding Aid: A. L. Szuch, Catalogue to the Textual and Audio-Visual Materials of the Ukrainian Canadian Research and Documentation Center (Toronto: Ukrainian Canadian Research and Documentation Center, 1989), 335 pages.
* Boberskyj Papers (1873-1947)
Quantity: 10 volumes
Ivan Boberskyi (Iwan Boberskyj) was born in Dobrohostiv, studied in Sambir and graduated from Lviv University, whereupon he became a professor of German language and gymnastics. In 1&04 he was elected President of the 'Sokil-Bat'ko' athletic association. He was treasurer of the Ukrainian Legion, 1914-18, Chief of the Military Press Department of the Western Ukrainian People's Republic (WUPR), and in 1920 appointed by the WUPR as plenipotentiary for Canada and the USA. In November 1920 he moved to Winnipeg, where as Secretary of the Delegation of the WUPR he oversaw the collection of fonds for the WUPR Defense Loan. In 1925 he helped to found the St. Raphael's Ukrainian Immigrants Welfare Association qf Canada.
Of interest to scholars of Ukrainian history will be section I, vol. I of his papers: Boberskyj's diary, 1918-19; and section II, vols. 2-5: records of the Delegation of the Western Ukrainian People's Republic (1920-6).
Finding Aid: Jaroslaw Iwanus and Wolodymyr Senchuk, The Iwan Bobersky) Collection (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, Research Report no. 23, 1988), 9 pages.
* Koshetz Papers (1875-1944)
Quantity: 28 volumes
Dr. Oleksander Koshetz was born in Romashky, graduated from the Kiev Theological Academy, and then studied at the Lysenko Music and Drama School. Prior to leaving Ukraine in 1919, he taught choral music at the Kiev Conservatory, conducted the orchestra at the Sadovsky Theatre, and collected Ukrainian folk songs from the Kiev and Kuban regions. He co-founded and conducted the Ukrainian Republican Capella, later renamed the Ukrainian National Choir. For several years the choir toured Europe, North and South America as a means of gaining public support for the Ukrainian People's Republic. After settling in New York, Koshetz devoted his time to composing liturgies, arranging folk songs, and popularizing Ukrainian folksongs.
The collection is relevant to researchers studying Koshetz's impact on 20th-century Ukrainian liturgical music.
Finding Aid: Being prepared.
* St. Raphael's Ukrainian Immigrants Welfare Association of Canada (1925-1938)
Quantity: 10 volumes
The association was founded in Winnipeg in 1925 to assist Ukrainian Catholic settlers who immigrated to Canada. The association had loose ties with its namesake in Lviv. With the advent of the depression (1929-39) the work of S* Raphael's ceased.
Of interest to scholars are the case files of immigrants who applied and were assisted in entering Canada (vols. 3-10).
Finding Aid: Jaroslaw Iwanus and Volodymyr Senchuk, The St. Raphael's Ukrainian Immigrants Welfare Association of Canada Collection (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, Research Report no. 21, 1988), 22 pages.
* Ukrainian Cultural and Educational Centre Photo Archives
Of special interest in this collection are the series of glass slides entitled 'The Events of the Last Seven Years in Ukraine, 1914-1920.
* Ukrainian Cultural and Educational Centre Map Collection
Quantity: 350 sheets
Maps from 1550 to 1990 are to be found in this extensive collection. The most significant part of the holdings, however, is a series of 100 maps from the early 16th century to the 19th century, which includes items by notable European cartographers.
Finding Aid: Some of the more significant maps are described in:
Bohdan Kordan, Land of the Cossacks. Antiquarian Maps of Ukraine. An Exhibition from the University of Alberta Map Collection, Ukrainian Cultural and Educational Center and Private Collections (Winnipeg: Ukrainian Cultural and Educational Center, 1987), 56 pages.
* Association of Ukrainians in Great Britain and Makoweckyj Collections
Quantity: 105 microfiches (approximately, 10,500 pages)
Accession number: 84-37
Contains documents of the Association of Ukrainians in Great -Britain covering the period c. 1945-52 concerning efforts to assist Ukrainian Displaced Persons and European Voluntary Workers. Of interest to researchers of Ukraine's history will be the Makoweckyj collection. Dr. Jakiw Makoweckyj is custodian of a large portion of the archival collection of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (Melnyk faction). A ponion of this archive is reproduced on 7 microfiches in the present collection.
Finding Aid: Lubomyr Y. Luciuk, "Finding Aid to the Microfiched Archives of the Association of Ukrainians in Great Britain and the J. Makoweckyj Collection." (Edmonlon: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, typescript, no date), 25 pages.
Quantity: 15 boxes
Accession number: 79-112
Contains typescripts, manuscripts, and offprints by Dr. Vsevolod Holubnychy (1928-77), a prominent economist and loader of the left-wing faction of the Ukrainian Revolutionary-Democratic Party. Contains correspondence with scholars in the USSR. Finding Aid: No finding aid is available for this collection, but typed Index cards attached to each file provide detailed information about the contents.
Quantity: 20 cm. and 5 reels of microfilm
Accession number: 80-20
Contains reproductions of documents from archives in Vienna and Warsaw concerning Ukrainian immigration to Canada from 1896 to 1914.
Finding Aid: B. Z. Kazymyra, "Immigration from the Austro-Hungarian Empire to Western Canada, 1896-19 4: Collection of Documents", typescript, 42 pages.
Quantity: 90 cm.
Accession number: 85-89
Contains newspapers and journal articles; reports, speeches, and conference papers by Dr. Borys Lewytzkyj (Levytskyi) (1915-1984), a leading emigre Sovietologist.
Finding Aid: "Borys Lewytzkyj Archive", typescript, 12 pages.
* Rudnytsky Papers
Quantity: 12 metres Accession number: 84-155
Contains research materials, lectures, notes and cassette tapes, notes for conferences and speeches, and personal correspondence (1940-84) of Dr. Ivan Lysiak Rudnytsky, a leading Ukrainian historian who taught at the University of Alberta from 1971 until his death in 1984.
Access to the collection is restricted, and researchers must apply to the donor, Dr. Alexandra Chernenko-Rudnytsky, for permission to use the papers.
Finding Aid: "Dr. Ivan Rudnytsky, Personal Papers, 1940-1984", typescript, 65 pages.
Quantity: 8 cm.
Accession number: 82-5
Contains photographs of selected documents from the Allgemeines Verwaltungsarchiv and the Haus-, Hof-, und Staatsarchiv, Vienna, concerning Ukrainians in Austrian Internment camps from 1914 to 1918. The collection was compiled by the Ottawa-based Ukrainian geographer. Dr. Ivan Tesla.
Finding Aid: "Documents on Ukrainian Internment Camps in Austria-Hungary during World War One", typescript, 2 + xvii pages.
*Vassyian Papers Quantity: 2 boxes
Accession number: 86-12
Contains manusciipts, offprints, and notes by Dr. lullian Vassylan (1894-1953), an author of philosophical and ideological works and a member of the pre-World War II leadership of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists.
Finding Aid: "Archive of Dr. lullian Vassyian", typescript, 5 pages.
The University of Alberta has what is probably the most extensive collection of maps of Ukraine in Canada.
Finding Aid: Friesen, Paul T. "Ukrainian Lands" Maps in the University of Alberta Map Collection: A Cartobibliography (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, Research Report no. 24, 1988), 44 p. and 21 appendices.
Friesen, Paul T. "Ukrainian Lands" Maps in the University of Alberta Map Collection: A Cartobibliography (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, Research Report no. 24, 1988), 44 p. and 21 appendices.
Iwanus, J. and Senchuk, W., The Iwan Boberskyj Collection (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, Research Report no. 23, 1988), 9 p.
Iwanus, J. and Senchuk, W., The St. Raphael's Ukrainian Immigrants Welfare Association of Canada Collection (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, Research Report no. 21, 1988), 22 p.
Kordan, B. Lands of the Cossacks: Antiquarian Maps of Ukraine. An Exhibition from the University of Alberta Map Collection. Ukrainian Cultural and Educational Center and Private Collections (Winnipeg: Ukrainian Cultural and Educational Centre, 1987), 56 p.
Sowtis, D. and Momryk, M., The Olena Kvsilewska Collection (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, Research Report no. 12, 1985), 36 p.
Sowtis, D. and Monrwyk, M., The Kateryna Antonowch Collection (Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, Research Report no. 13, 1985), 28 p.
Szuch, L, Catalogue to the Textual and Audio-Visual Materials of the Ukrainian Canadian Research arid Documentation Centre (Toronto: Ukrainian Canadian Research and Documentation Centre, 1989), 335 p.
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